These are articles written by Kagan’s visionary leader. Articles feature Dr. Kagan’s invention, Kagan Structures.

Read Dr. Spencer Kagan’s provocative and insightful articles on Kagan Structures and how they have the power to transform education. You’ll also find Dr. Kagan’s thoughts on cooperative learning, multiple intelligences, the brain, character development, Win-Win Discipline and more.

10 Reasons to Use Heterogeneous Teams

Why do we advocate mixed teams rather than random teams or homogeneous teams? Here are 10 reasons why your base teams should reflect the diversity you have in your classroom.

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Cooperative Meetings: Transforming Teachers and Schools

Dr. Kagan applies his successful, cooperative classroom approach to faculty meetings. Like classrooms, meetings that lack interaction, active participation by its members, a sense of belonging and control lead predictably to disengagement, frustration, and alienation. Dr. Kagan outlines a new, cooperative model for school meetings that empowers rather than alienates. The result is a shared vision and cooperative community of leaders and learners. Spencer introduces a new resource he and his associates created to help other leaders transform their meetings and their schools.

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Excellence & Equity

Educators face two challenges with academic achievement: 1) fostering academic excellence, and 2) creating equal opportunities for all students to succeed. Dr Kagan cites studies that show cooperative learning is a powerful approach to create excellence and equity.

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Group Grades are Pointless

Dr. Spencer Kagan argues in this article that using group grades with cooperative learning is pointless. He argues that group grades are unfair, debase report cards, undermine motivation, communicate to students that their grade is a function of forces beyond their control, violate individual accountability, create resistance to cooperative learning, and are or should be illegal. A provocative article that explores nature of grading and our mission as educators.

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In Praise of Praise

Does praise erode intrinsic motivation like rewards? Do we help or hurt our students with high-fives, pats on the back, and compliments? As you may have guessed from the title, Spencer lauds the positive effects of praise. Highlighting relevant research, Dr. Kagan provides insight to why praise helps students while rewards can hurt.

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Kagan Coaching

Kagan Coaching is Kagan’s radically different approach to coaching teachers. Instead of observing a lesson, then providing feedback afterwards, Kagan provides coaching “in real time.” That is, the coach offers teaching suggestions and improvements whiles the teacher is teaching. Students get the benefit of doing the lesson right, but most importantly the teacher hears how his or her teaching could be improved, but witnesses first hand the dramatic difference that in-the-moment Kagan Coaching makes.

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Kagan Structures - Not One More Program. A Better Way to Teach Any Program

How is the Kagan approach different from other approaches to teaching? To producing academic gains? To reaching the standards? To realizing the goals of cooperative learning, multiple intelligences, emotional intelligence, character development, and higher-level thinking? At the heart of Kagan workshops and publications are Kagan structures. Kagan structures convert principles into practice, producing positive outcomes for students, teachers, trainers, and schools.

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Kagan Structures Enhance Brain Engagement

Teachers using the Kagan Structures consistently report that their students are more engaged. This is no surprise. Kagan Structures are carefully designed to implement the four basic principles of cooperative learning: positive interdependence, individual accountability, equal participation, and simultaneous interaction (PIES). Each of these principles boosts engagement in different ways, ensuring, for example, participation from students who might otherwise hide and ensuring that at any one moment a greater number of students are actively engaged.

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Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement

Use Kagan Structures to increase student engagement and language learning. Six favorite structures are presented for teaching English as a second language or for teaching any foreign language.

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Kagan Strucures: Research & Rationale in a Nutshell

Dr. Kagan provides a succinct answer to the question, “Why Kagan Structures?” Spencer cites the positive outcomes of using Kagan Structures, its strong research and theory base, and most importantly — the positive transformation that students and teachers experience by using Kagan Structures.

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Kinesthetic Symbols: Harnassing the Power of Gesturing

In his research on brain-based learning, Dr. Kagan uncovered a wealth of studies on the powerful impact of using hand and body signals for teaching and learning. See how gesturing improves understanding and retention and learn ways you can incorporate Kinesthetic Symbols into your classroom to boost learning. Read ArticleOr click on the page to enlarge the image to preview the 1st page only.

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Multiple Intelligences Structures - Opening the Doors to Learning

If we believe that students are different and learn in different ways, we have the power to reach more students by teaching in different ways. We open the doors to learning by matching our instruction to how students best learn. Here, the Kagans share the theory of Multiple Intelligences, the three MI Visions, and a few MI Structures to open the doors to learning.

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Structural Approach to Character Development

Dr. Spencer Kagan shares the Kagan structural approach to developing character. He argues that the need for character education is clear because the virtues we could once assume are eroding. He then identifies two approaches to developing character: the curriculum approach and the structural approach and highlights the advantages of the structural approach.

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Teams of Four Are Magic!

How many students should there be on a cooperative learning team? Two? Three? Four? Five? Six or more? As the title suggests, Kagan advocates teams of four. Teams of four are magic. See why.

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Tellin' Ain't Teaching

Mark Twain said, “If teaching were the same as telling, we’d all be so smart we could hardly stand it.” Dr. Kagan shows how frequent processing converts telling into effective teaching.

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The Instructional Revolution

As the world turned around them, schools did not. At least they did not change in the most important way they needed to change – how teachers teach. We are now on the verge of an instructional revolution. In this article, Dr Spencer Kagan gives us a glimpse into the future of instruction.

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The Problem is Not Mobile Phones

Students texting and goofing with their mobile phones in class is annoying. But the mobile phone is not the problem. The problem is the lack of highly-engaging teaching strategies. See how we can productively fulfill students’ need for social interaction.

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What is Win-Win Discipline?

For several years, Kagan has been offering professional development on Win-Win Discipline. Win-Win Discipline was honoured by being selected as one of the pre-eminent programs and is featured in THE book on major educational discipline programs. Building Classroom Discipline. We continue to receive more and more requests for info about Win-Win Discipline. So here you go! Dr Spencer Kagan outlines Kagan’s discipline program and how it interfaces with Kagan’s other programs.

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Why Call On Just One When We Can Call On Everyone?

This year, when I finished my trainings in Morocco, I took count. Morocco is the thirtieth country in which I have worked with educators. My focus is sharing instructional strategies that engage all learners. What amazes me is that in every country, the most common instructional strategies engage some learners while leaving a large subset of students disengaged. It is an enormous waste of potential. Inadvertently, teachers worldwide call on high achieving students to respond while allowing the low achieving students to hide, to slip through the cracks.

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